Understanding Iron Ores and Mining of Iron Ore Iron Fe is an abundant and a widely distributed element in the in the crust of the earth constituting on an average ranging from 2 to 3 in sedimentary rocks to 8 5 in basalt and gabbro
This page looks at the use of the Blast Furnace in the extraction of iron from iron ore and the conversion of the raw iron from the furnace into various kinds of steel The common ores of iron are both iron oxides and these can be reduced to iron by heating them with carbon in the form of coke
Most iron ores contain Al2O3 amp SiO2 as the gangue material High Aluminous ores create a viscous slag in the blast furnace and partly Quartz is added to bring the slag to a more flowable state Moreover high alumina requires additional basic fluxes to maintain a suitable
The metal Hot metal blast furnace iron Most blast furnaces are linked to a basic oxygen steel plant for which the hot metal typically contains 4 to 4 5 percent carbon 0 6 to 0 8 percent silicon 0 03 percent sulfur 0 7 to 0 8 percent manganese and 0 15 percent phosphorus
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The more advanced way to smelt iron is in a blast furnace A blast furnace is charged with iron ore charcoal or coke coke is charcoal made from coal and limestone CaCO 3 Huge quantities of air blast in at the bottom of the furnace and the calcium in the limestone combines with the
Iron is the second most abundant metal in the Earth s crust after aluminium and more iron is made than all the other metals put together The ores which are mainly the oxides are reduced to iron with carbon coke at high temperatures in a blast furnace
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